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5 Signs That Your Body Is Low on Vitamin B12

Vitamin B12

Vitamin B12 is a very important nutrient in the human body and is required for tasks like forming red blood cells, cell metabolism, synthesis of DNA and nerve function. Most types of food that is consumed on a daily basis contains Vitamin B12 in them. But even still, the deficiency in Vitamin B12 is a problem that is seen across the globe. Recent reports suggest that nearly 47% of the population of India is suffering from Vitamin B12 deficiency. 

Here are 5 signs that indicate your body is facing a Vitamin B12 deficiency:

  • Pale Skin

    One of the most common signs in the case of individuals, who are suffering from Vitamin B12 deficiency, is pale skin. The lack of Vitamin B12 can cause health conditions like jaundice, where it introduces a slight yet very noticeable yellow tinge to the skin complexion and the sclera (the white portion of the eyes). The pale colour is caused due to high amounts of bilirubin, which is a type of waste resulting from the breakdown of red blood cells. 

  • Fatigue

    When facing a shortage of Vitamin B12, the production of red blood cells in the body significantly lowers, which can cause damage to oxygen delivery. Thus the body of an individual, suffering from the lack of Vitamin B12, feels fatigued due to the absence of an adequate amount of red blood cells to transport oxygen to the tissues. It is one of the most general symptoms that is seen in the human body due to various other problems, along with the issue of B12 deficiency. 

  • Symptoms of Depression

    Another important role of Vitamin B12 in the human body is its importance in the function of the central nervous system. This is why having insufficient levels of Vitamin B12 in the body results in higher levels of homocysteine. This increases oxidative stress, cell death and DNA damage within the body, which then adds up to the development of depression. Some other mental conditions that can rise due to lower Vitamin B12 value in the body are mood swings and psychosis disorders.

  • Pain in Mouth and Tongue

    Glossitis is a medical condition that can appear due to a deficiency in levels of Vitamin B12 in the human body. The condition can also arise alongside stomatitis, which causes inflammation, pain and sores in the mouth and tongue in individuals experiencing the lack of this vitamin.

  • Headaches

    As Vitamin B12 has an important function in the working of the central nervous system of the human body, its deficiency can cause various neurological issues, the most common of which are headaches. Both kids and adults, who are suffering from the shortage of this vitamin, have shown frequent experience with this symptom.

These are some of the common symptoms of Vitamin B12 deficiency in the human body and if you are facing them, it is better to consult with a doctor for professional opinion and help. Some other common signs also include impaired coordination, muscle weakness, vision disturbances, etc.

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